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PROJECT TOPIC: DEVELOP AN ELECTRONIC CENSUS DATA CAPTURE SYSTEM
Department: Computer Science
FORMART: MS WORD
PAGES: 65 pages, abstract, chapter 1-5 , APENDIX A source code and APENDIX B output, well reserached and supervised
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1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population. The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) explains that, A traditional population and housing census requires mapping an entire country, figuring out what technologies should be employed, mobilizing and training legions of enumerators, conducting a major public campaign, canvassing all households, collecting individual information, compiling hundreds of thousands or millions of completed questionnaires, monitoring procedures and results, and analyzing and disseminating the data (Salant, 1995).
Data capture in census is the system used to convert the information obtained in the census to a format that can be interpreted by a computer. Whilst it is acknowledged that data capture is only one small part of a national census project it is deemed to be one of the most critical, costly and time consuming activities of a population and housing census. Rapid advances in data-capture technology, especially optical, have greatly increased the speed and reliability of producing census databases in an accurate and timely manner.
Census taking in Nigeria can be traced to have started from as far back as 1966 after the colonization of Lagos by our colonial masters. Since then, there have been several attempts to count Nigeria population. However, these censuses are characterized by some difficulties and deliberate and ill-minded attempts to inflate population figures, just in favour of one geo political zone or the other. This does not and cannot represent the nation’s image as regards to human population. As a result of this, the National Population Commission (NPC) was established using the Decree No. 23 of 1989. The brain behind this was to have successful censuses each time and as well accurate demographic data. It is no doubt that this Commission (NPC) was vested with a lot of powers and functions some of which are;
To undertake the periodic enumeration of the nation’s population through census, sample surveys, etc.
To establish and maintain the machinery for continuous and universal registration of births and deaths
To collect, collate and publish data on migration statistics
To reach and monitor national population polity and set up national population information databank.